Arctic Challenge for Sustainability Project

ArCS Blog

ArCS Blog

In order to face and respond to the global warming and related change in the Arctic, action should be taken not only by way of natural science, engineering science, and social science individually, but also by integrating approach. On the basis of this, the symposium had been carried out by researchers from two research fields as natural/engineering science (Theme-1; working on “Predictability study on weather and sea-ice forecasts linked with user engagement”) and social science (Theme-7 working on “People and Community in the Arctic: Possibility of Sustainable Development”) from the ArCS Project together.

Northeast Asia is one of the coldest regions of human geographical distribution on our planet and is home to the Pole of Cold in northern hemisphere. How did the human population adapt the harsh environment, in light of hominoid biological evolution having occurred in tropical Africa? The key for survival was the cultural adaptation. Human behaviors and notions formed and changed as a result of the human-environment interaction involving the migrating peoples; these included environmental perception, tool making and foraging capacities, animal domestication, social organizations, and belief-ideology systems. Human cultural adaptation is not simple irreversible environmental determinism, but a series of complex evolutional phenomena controlled by the probabilities of a given socio-ecological system. Based on the above concerns this program aims to provide an exchange of knowledge in international academic collaboration, bringing together geochemistry, ecology, history and anthropology of Northeast Asia and developing a new methodology of area studies.

A result of international collaborative research on Arctic legal and policy study under ArCS Theme 7 has been published on April 17, 2019: Emerging Legal Orders in the Arctic: The Role of Non-Arctic Actors, co-edited by Professor Akiho Shibata, Director of the Polar Cooperation Research Centre (PCRC), Kobe University, and three early-career international scholars at PCRC. This is the first volume of a new series: Routledge Research on Polar Law.

A three-day meeting titled “Japan - U.S. Arctic Science Collaboration-Reflections on the Past Two Decades and Future Opportunities-” was held from Monday, 4 March 2019 to Wednesday, 6 March 2019, at International Arctic Research Center (IARC) of the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), USA. During the meeting, ArCS led a one-day workshop titled “ArCS Workshop for Promoting Arctic Collaboration between IARC/UAF and Japan” on Tuesday, 5 March 2019 to promote joint research and observations by researchers of IARC/UAF and Japan. There were around 50 participants at the workshop.

CBird is the Arctic Council’s Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna’s. (CAFF) expert working group on Arctic seabirds. The international group includes delegates from all 8 Arctic states as well as 4 observer countries of which Japan is one. This March the group held their annual meeting in Akureyri, Iceland at the CAFF secretariat where they discussed ongoing and upcoming projects.